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Título: Macronutrients and energy content of oral hospital diet prescribed to chronic kidney disease patients on conservative treatment
Autor(es): Silva J., Janiara David; et. al.

Palavras-chave: Clinical nutrition
Data do documento: 2015
Citação: Nutrición Hospitalaria, Madrid, v.31, n.1, p. 458-465, 2015.
Resumo: Introduction: The contribution of diet and treatment planning in the treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has been recognized as having a significant clinical impact if introduced early. Objective: determine the levels of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, energy and energy density (ED) in an oral hospital diet prescribed to CKD patients, and to evaluate the adequacy of this diet with respect to dietary recommendations. Methods: Diets were collected in a Brazilian public hospital on two non-consecutive days of six different weeks. The carbohydrate, protein, and lipid (total, saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, linoleic, linolenic and trans fatty acids) contents were determined in a laboratory. The amount of energy and the ED of the diets were calculated using the correction factor Atware and by dividing the total energy of the diet by weight, respectively. Results and Discussion: About 14.3% of the diets produced for patients with CKD were analyzed. The average density of the diets was low (0.7 kcal/g). In terms of nutritional adequacy, the average lipid content (15%) and linolenic fatty acid content (0.4%) were below the recommendation, as was energy (23.4 kcal / kg / day). The average carbohydrate content (63.5%) and protein content (1.0 g/kg/day) exceeded the recommendations levels. Conclusion: The oral hospital diet prepared for patients with CKD were considered unbalanced, and an unfavorable clinical treatment for these patients.
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